headshotMarc Ferris earned an M.A. in history from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. His work has appeared in the New York Times, Newsday, Time Out New York, Spin, Vibe, and elsewhere.

This book began as a paper in a graduate history seminar at Stony Brook University. The author is grateful to his graduate history committee – Richard F. Kuisel, Gerald W. McFarland, Wilbur R. Miller and Nancy Tomes – for encouraging this project. Also, the Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of American History, under the sponsorship of Lonn Taylor, bestowed a fellowship that allowed for an extended trip to Baltimore and Washington, D.C. to conduct research on this project.